Mexico (Spanish: México [?mexiko] officially the United Mexican States (Spanish: Estados Unidos Mexicanos, About this sound listen (help•info)), is a federal republic located in North America. The country is bordered to the north by the United States; to the south and west by the Pacific Ocean; to the southeast by Guatemala, Belize and the Caribbean Sea; and to the east by the Gulf of Mexico.
Covering almost two million square kilometres (over 760,000 sq mi), Mexico is the fifth largest country in the Americas by total area and the 13th largest independent nation in the world. With an estimated population of over 120 million, it is the eleventh most populous country and the most populous Spanish-speaking country in the world and the second most populous country in Latin America. Mexico is a federation comprising thirty-one states and a Federal District, its capital and largest city.
The economy of Mexico is the 15th largest in the world in nominal terms and the 11th largest by purchasing power parity, according to the International Monetary Fund. Since the 1994 crisis, administrations have improved the country's macroeconomic fundamentals. Mexico was not significantly influenced by the recent 2002 South American crisis, and maintained positive, although low, rates of growth after a brief period of stagnation in 2001. Mexico was one of the Latin American nations most affected by the 2008 recession with its Gross Domestic Product contracting by more than 6%.
Alfonso Garcia Robles was a Mexican negotiator and government official who, in conjunction with Sweden's Alva Myrdal, got the Nobel Peace Prize in 1982, Mario José Molina-Pasquel Henríquez is a Mexican scientific expert and one Nobel Prize in Chemistry for his part in clarifying the risk to the Earth's ozone layer of chlorofluorocarbon gasses. Octavio Paz Lozano was a Mexican artist and negotiator