Turkey, officially called as “Republic of Turkey” is the world's 37th-largest country in terms of area. It is an Eastern Europe and Western Asia country which is bordered by 8 countries i.e., Syria and Iraq to the south; Iran, Armenia, and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; Georgia to the northeast; Bulgaria to the northwest; and Greece to the west. The Black Sea is to the north, the Mediterranean Sea to the south, and the Aegean Sea to the west.
The Turkish economy is expanded by 9.2% in 2010, and 8.5 percent in 2011 and thus standing out as the fastest growing economy in Europe, and one of the fastest growing economies in the world. Hence, Turkey has been meeting the “60 percent EU Maastricht criteria” for public debt stock since 2004. Mean graduate pay in 2010 was $10.02 per man-hour.
Organizations such as the Foundation of Research-Based Pharmaceutical Companies (AIFD), the Foundation for Clinical Research, and the Foundation of Contract Research Organizations all work to enhance the clinical trial environment in Turkey. According to the World Economic Forum’s Global Competition Index (2011-2012), while the Turkish pharmaceutical sector is ranked 16th in terms of market value, it is 36th in terms of the Clinical Science research conducted and the volume of pharmaceutical exports. Between 2012 and 2013, the number increased 12%.
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this island nation produced 2 Nobel laureates so far, Aziz Sancar, Chemistry in 2015. He is the first Turkish chemist, and the second Turkish to date to be awarded the Nobel Prize and the third Muslim scientist and Orhan Pamuk, Literature in 2006. He is the first Turk to receive the Nobel Prize, He describes himself as a Cultural Muslim who associates the historical and cultural identification with the religion while not believing in a personal connection to God.