Thyroid cancer is a disease in which malignant (cancer) cells form in the tissues of the thyroid gland. Surgery is the treatment most often used for follicular, papillary and medullary thyroid cancers, except for some anaplastic thyroid cancers. Complete surgical resection of the entire thyroid and affected lymph node compartments is the cornerstone of treatment.
Surgery is the main treatment in nearly every case of thyroid cancer, except for some anaplastic thyroid cancers. If thyroid cancer is diagnosed by a fine needle aspiration (FNA) biopsy, surgery to remove the tumor and all or part of the remaining thyroid gland is usually recommended.Thyroidectomy is surgery to remove the thyroid gland. As with lobectomy, this is typically done through an incision a few inches long across the front of the neck.