Assessment Of Simple And Classic Clinical Changes As Prognostic Tools In Early Breast Cancer Among Urban Women In South India | 6488
Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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In India, outcome of breast cancer is worse as cases are usually presented in final stages so early diagnosis by simple means is
important; therefore association of simple clinical changes such as in anthropometric measurements (Height, Weight, Body
Mass Index (BMI), and Mid-Upper Arm Circumference (MUAC))with early detectionis assessed in this study. A matched case-
control study was performed on 1000 women aged between 30-60 yrs. Cases (n =500) included were newly diagnosed and treated
for early breast cancer at two cancer hospitals in Chennai and Hyderabad cities and controls (n=500) were from same age/sex
group visiting the same hospitals and are without breast cancer between February 2011 to November 2011. The study showed that
mean weight of cases (67.7Kgs) was higher than controls (66.5Kgs) and statistically significant (?independent t? test = 4.3 and p =<
0.05).No significant difference with respect to their mean height was observed. Mean MUAC of cases (36.5cms) was higher than
controls (35.7cms) and is statistically significant (?independent t? test = 2.7 and p =< 0.05).No statistically significant association
of age groups was observed. Females having BMI>24.99 were 1.56 times more at risk than females having BMI<24.9 (OR: 1.5, at
95% CL and CI- 1.22-2.00).Postmenopausal females with BMI> 24.9 were 1.6 times more at risk than postmenopausal females
having BMI<24.9 (OR: 1.6, at 95% CL and CI- 1.20-2.35).These results showed that identification of changes in anthropometric
measurements at an early stage helps in early diagnosis of breast cancer.
Priyanka Ammika has completed her Bachelor of Dental Surgery (BDS) from Rajiv Gandhi University of Health Sciences, India. She has been
working in the field of public health on various health programs in coordination with Health Ministry of Andhra Pradesh related to Oral carcinomas,
HIV/AIDS and Reproductive Child Health since last 4 years. She has published four papers in reputed journals and currently working of 4 different
research projects related Drug abuse among medical students, Oral STIs, Dengue and Obesity related disorders.
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