alexa Civil Commitment In The Treatment Of Eating Disorders: Practical And Ethical Considerations
ISSN: 2165-7904

Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
Open Access

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World Congress on Eating Disorders, Nutrition & Mental Health
September 12-13, 2016 Philadelphia, USA

Wayne A Bowers
University of Iowa, USA
Posters & Accepted Abstracts: J Obes Weight Loss Ther
DOI: 10.4172/2165-7904.C1.037
Abstract
Eating disorders, especially anorexia nervosa and bulimia nervosa, can be life threatening and debilitating syndromes. Usually developed during adolescence and early adulthood there is the potential for disrupting family relationships, academic progress, social development and psychological functioning. As a psychiatric problem, eating disorders, if addressed early can be treated effectively. However, this syndrome can develop a variable course with waxing and waning interference and in some cases become a life-long obstruction. As a consequence of the development of an eating disorder, individuals begin to lose their objectivity regarding their need for intervention and often (as can be seen in anorexia nervosa) there can be a complete denial of the disorder. When this occurs family, significant others, and health care providers may need to consider the use of compulsory treatment to interrupt the destructive course of the disorder. This workshop is intended to focus on how medical complications, a high risk of mortality, and impaired judgment can contribute to treatment refusal which may be a factor leading to a severe and enduring form of an eating disorder. The workshop will present a history of civil commitment and how is has been enacted with eating disorders. Empirical data on use and benefit of civil commitment will be presented to help the reader understand the research impact and provide insight into the patient experience of compulsory treatment. A discussion of the use and misuse of persuasion and coercion will be highlighted with an emphasis on how and when these concepts are applicable. General ethics of civil commitment as well as ethics specific to civil commitment and eating disorders will be reviewed. Focus will be on paternalism versus autonomy and how this is understood and integrated into treatment. As an alternative to civil commitment Psychiatric Advanced Directives will be presented in the context of eating disorder treatment. This will address what psychiatric advanced directives are, how they work and the potential role they have in treatment with special emphasis on severe and enduring eating disorders
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