Metabolic Syndrome In Relation To Body Mass Index (BMI) And Waist To Hip Ratio (WHR): A Study In Kumasi, Ghana | 14834
Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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The aim of this study was to determine the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and examine the risk associations between
obesity indexes, cardiovascular risk factors and morbidity conditions in Kumasi. 387 Penteco-Charismatic Ghanaians (18?85
years) were recruited from Kumasi, Ghana.
Venous blood was taken after an overnight fast into fluoride oxalate tubes and plain tubes. This was centrifuged at 1,000 g for
5 minutes at room temperature; the plasma and serum were then used for the assays.
Participants? blood pressures were taken in a sitting position with mercury sphygmomanometer. Tape measure was used
for the measurement of hip, WC and height. Weight was measured using scale whiles other data were obtained by the use of a
There were 267 females (69%) and 120 (31%) males with the mean age being 41.36?13.594. The mean BMI was 25.85?5.89
kgm2, the mean WC was 35.41?4.925 inch and the mean WHR was 0.86?0.11. The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was found
to be 8.0% while 5.4% was the prevalence for diabetes. Prevalence of hypertension was 32.04%
There were increasing trends between obesity indices and the severity of cardiovascular risk factors and the prevalence of
morbidity conditions. Those with a greater number of comorbidities also had higher BMI, WC, and WHR (all P-values for the
trend were <0.05 with adjustment for age and gender). The relationships among obesity, cardiovascular risk factors and morbidity
The data support using BMI and WC as part of routine clinical evaluation of patients to define obesity and its associated
Mohammed Saanid ADAMU is currently a member of a team of professionals providing medical education of the highest standards in producing
medical doctors who will have broad based education at School of Medical Sciences of University of Cape Coast. He has M.Sc. degree in Chemical
Pathology from Kwame Nkrumah University of Science and Technology, Kumasi. His research interest is in the area of non-communicable diseases
especially obesity and its related medical conditions like diabetes, hypertension, cardiovascular diseases, etc. He is currently involved in an ongoing
research in childhood obesity in cape coast.
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