Journal of Obesity & Weight Loss Therapy
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Nutrition is important for providing energy for our daily activities, maintaining
body functions, growth and development and therapeutic benefits including
healing and prevention. Right nutrition in early days of life is very important and
nutritional requirements are different for infants, children, adolescent and adults
in the family (WHO, 2006). The main objective of this study was to understand,
recognize and appreciate ideal nutrition to promote growth at various stages of
child???s development in Ashanti region, Ghana.
The target populations for this study were infants, children, adolescents and
nursing mothers. The sample size was 700 consisting of 200 infants, 200 children,
200 adolescents and 100 nursing mother???s in Ashanti region of Ghana. Purposive
sampling was used to identify out target population. The respondents were
interviewed by the use of questionnaires.
Some of the data taken on nursing mothers were: underweight: BMI <18.50;
normal weight: 18.50 - 24.99; overweight: BMI 25.00 - 29.99 and obesity: BMI
???30 using the WHO (2011) body mass index (BMI); background information
such as woman???s household situation and living conditions; information of the
anthropometrical measurements of both nursing mothers and children. Also,
background and intake of foods and drinks among the infants, children and
adolescents were recorded. The children???s z-scores were calculated using Smart
for Emergency Nutrition Assessment (ENA) (???ENA software???, 2009) The results suggest that the women and children are facing several nutritional and health challenges. Again, the studies revealed
that relatively many children were malnourished in some way, stunted, wasted and/or underweight. The prevalence of exclusive
(and predominant) breastfeeding was low and many children were given complimentary feeds.
Richard Essel Mensah is a graduate from the University of Ghana Medical School with MB ChB Doctorate Degree. He is an Anaesthesia Physician working at the Anaesthesia and Intensive Care Unit of Komfo Anokye Teaching Hospital under the Ghana Health Service.