South Africa is the southernmost state in Africa. Conventionally South Africa is known as the Republic of South Africa. It is the sovereign state of Africa. South Africa is the 25th-largest country. South Africa is a multiethnic society encompassing a wide variety of cultures, languages, and religions. It is the part of the G-20 major economies.
South Africa is surrounded by the south by coastline of Southern Africa stretching along the South Atlantic and Indian Oceans, on the north by the neighbouring countries of Namibia, Botswana and Zimbabwe and on the east by Mozambique and Swaziland, and surrounding the Kingdom of Lesotho.
The economy of South Africa is the second-largest in Africa and the 34th-largest in the world. South Africa puts out more research than any other on the continent, generated by 12 500 academics and as many researchers based at research councils, institutes and companies. In 2001, state funding for research increased by 15%. The South African Medical Research Council (SAMRC) was established in 1969 with the aim to promote the improvement of the health and the quality of life of the population of South Africa through research, development and technology transfer. Sydney Brenner is the most known noble laureate been awarded for their discoveries concerning genetic regulation of organ development and programmed cell death.