Australia is a country and a continent, officially acknowledged as the Commonwealth of Australia, It is the world's sixth-largest country by total area. Neighboring countries embody Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East island to the north; the Solomon Islands and state to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. It is a rustic comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania, and many smaller islands. Australia's eastern 0.5 was claimed by nice kingdom in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from twenty six January 1788. Australia is a developed country and one in every of the wealthiest within the world, with the world's 12th-largest economy. In 2014 Australia had the world's fifth-highest per capita income.
The Great Barrier Reef of Australia is the world's largest coral reef. In terms of economy, it is a wealthy country which generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing. For generations, the vast majority of immigrants came from the British Isles, and the people of Australia are still mainly of British or Irish ethnic origin.
Marine science, meteorology, nuclear science research is mostly done in Australia. In medicine Australian Society for Medical Research (ASMR) is the peak professional society representing Australian health and medical research. Research on Alzheimer's, Cancer and heart are mostly done. Till now 15 Australians won Nobel Prize majorly in the field of physiology and medicine. Several papers are published in the field of medicine and technology. Australia stands 11th position in publishing the articles. List of medical Journals in Australia, Medical Journal of Australia.