Canada is a country which is located in the northern part of North America. Nam Canada is accepted as coming from the St. Lawrence Iroquoian word Kanata meaning "village" or "settlement".
Geographically, the country is second largest country in the world in terms of total area and fourth largest in terms of land area. Canada borders United States which is the world’s longest border. Canada is geologically active and having many earth quakes and potentially active volcanos. As per climate changes average winter and summer seasons vary from region to region in Canada. The total number of islands is estimated that there are more than 30,000 islands along the eastern shore of GEORGIAN BAY alone.
Toronto is the financial center of Canada. Canada has the 15th largest economy in the world and it is the member of OECD (Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development). Canada’s economic fundamentals remain strong, well supported by solid protection of property rights and an independent judiciary that enforces the rule of law effectively. The country’s commitment to open-market policies that facilitate global trade and investment flows has been strong, and the economy has demonstrated admirable resilience in the face of recent years’ international and domestic challenges. More than 200,000 top international students and researchers choose to study in Canada each year.
In Physics, Medicine and Chemistry, this nation produced 24 Nobel laureates so far. National Research Council Canada is the leading research institute for research and development. Canada has among the highest rates of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) in the world. CIHR (Canadian Institute of Health Research) is the leading institute in medical and healthcare department. Canada ranks 7th in publishing research papers. Numerous medical research papers are published from Canada with good reputation. Several leading Institution in the country including Canadian Institute of Health Research, Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada, Alberta Heritage Foundation for Medical Research, British Columbia Medical Services Foundation and others are spearheading the medical research.