India’s astounding diversity of religions, languages, and cultures is unique and unparalleled. The society of vast subcontinent, varied and complex in its rich heritage, is among the oldest in the world.Five thousand years of history have nourished the growth of a great civilization.
India is bounded by the Indian Ocean on the south, the Arabian Sea on the south-west, and the Bay of Bengal on the south-east, it shares land borders with Pakistan to the west; China, Nepal, and Bhutan to the north-east; and Myanmar (Burma) and Bangladesh to the east. In the Indian Ocean, India is in the vicinity of Sri Lanka and the Maldives; in addition, India's Andaman and Nicobar Islands share a maritime border with Thailand and Indonesia.
According to the International Monetary Fund (IMF), the Indian economy in 2015 was nominally worth US$2.183 trillion; it is the 7th-largest economy by market exchange rates, and is, at US$8.027 trillion, the third-largest by purchasing power parity, or PPP. In 2016, the Economist Intelligence Unit (EIU) released Top 10 cheapest cities in the world which 4 of it were from India: Bangalore (2nd), Mumbai (3rd), Chennai (6th) and New Delhi (8th) based on the cost of 160 products and services.
Bangalore is considered to be the technological capital of India. IT, Biotechnology, Aerospace, Nuclear Science, Manufacturing Technology, Automobile Engineering, Chemical Engineering, Ship Building, Space science, Electronics, Computer Science and other Medical Science related research like Biochemical Engineering & Biotechnology, Electrical Engineering and development are going on a large scale in the country. The southern part of India is responsible for the lion share of technology and advancements the country has made. The golden triangle of IT and technology (Hyderabad, Bangalore and Chennai) forms the backbone of Indian Manufacturing, R&D and Science and Technology. Mars Orbit Mission, Chandrayaan-1, Thirty Meter Telescope are visionary achievements and India is gearing up to become an international player in the life sciences, powered by its recent economic growth and a desire to add biotechnology to its portfolio. best universities includes, Indian Institute of Science, Bangalore, Indian Institute of Technology, Kharagpur, University of Delhi, Delhi, Indian Institute of Technology, Bombay, Indian Institute of Technology, Delhi, Tata Institute of Fundamental Research, Mumbai, Anna University, Chennai, Panjab University, Chandigarh, Indian Institute of Technology, Madras, Jawaharlal Nehru Centre for Advanced Scientific Research, Bangalore, All India Institute of Medical Sciences, New Delhi and nobel Laureates of India includes the great personalities C. V. Raman, Amartya Sen, Har Gobind Khorana, Subrahmanyan Chandrasekhar, V. S. Naipaul, Venkatraman Ramakrishnan, Ronald Ross, Rudyard Kipling.