Russia also officially known as the Russian Federation is a sovereign state in northern Eurasia. Russia, the world’s largest nation, borders European and Asian countries as well as the Pacific and Arctic oceans. Its landscape ranges from tundra and forests to subtropical beaches. It is a federal semi-presidential republic. Russia is the largest country in the world, covering more than one-eighth of the Earth's inhabited land area. Russia is the world's ninth most populous country.
Science and technology in Russia blossomed since the Age of Enlightenment, Russian Academy of Sciences, Saint Petersburg State University and Moscow State University are the famous universities in Russia which paving the way for a strong native tradition in learning and innovation.
Russia received a total 27 noble awards in respective fields; Ivan Pavlov (1904) Ilya Mechnikov (1908) won noble prizes in the field of Medicine. Russian inventions include arc welding, knapsack parachute, pressure suit, electric lighting, three-phase electric power, synthetic rubber and many more. Today, Russia is no outsider in the world of innovation, especially when it comes to the categories of Aerospace & Defense and Oil & Gas. Furthermore, Russian scientists are leaders in doing research related to semiconductors and Pharmaceuticals, as well as innovations in the field of food, tobacco and beverage.