Saudi Arabia is an Arab state in Western Asia. Conventionally Saudi Arabia is known as the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia (KSA). The Kingdom of Saudi Arabia was founded in 1932 by Ibn Saud. It is the fifth-largest state in Asia.
Saudi Arabia is surrounded by Jordan and Iraq to the north, Kuwait to the northeast, Qatar, Bahrain, and the United Arab Emirates to the east, Oman to the southeast, and Yemen to the south. It is the only country with both a Red Sea coast and a Persian Gulf coast. The area of modern-day Saudi Arabia formerly consisted of four distinct regions: Hejaz, Najd, and parts of Eastern Arabia (Al-Ahsa) and Southern Arabia. Also, Saudi Arabia is the only Arab country to be part of the G-20 major economies.
Saudi Arabia’s economy is predominantly based on petroleum products. The oil industry in Saudi Arabia comprises about 45% of Saudi Arabia's nominal gross domestic product compared with 40% from the private sector. The Saudi Arabia government has been taking active steps since the mid-2000s to promote education, Research and Development (R&D) throughout the nation. Biomedical research production in KSA in last 5 years showed a clear linear increase. Alfaisal University Medical College is the leading Institution in medical research in Kingdom of Saudi Arabia. Here, Internal medicine science represents the core knowledge for medical students and the future physicians.