Turkey is a parliamentary republic in Eurasia. Conventionally Turkey is known as the Republic of Turkey. Turkey is a democratic, secular, unitary, constitutional republic with a diverse cultural heritage.
Turkey is surrounded by eight countries, i.e., Syria and Iraq to the south; Iran, Armenia, and the Azerbaijani exclave of Nakhchivan to the east; Georgia to the northeast; Bulgaria to the northwest and Greece to the west,The Black Sea is to the north; the Mediterranean Sea to the south and the Aegean Sea to the west. Turkey is the part of the G-20 major economies.
Turkey has the world's 17th largest GDP and 18th largest nominal GDP. The country is among t the G-20 major economies. Turkey is the centralized state with a mixed economy. Since the sixties, the national economy and research and development is encircled to the policies contained in the government's Five Year Development Plans. In Turkey, the link between these plans and the relevant institutions are run by a council of relevant officials. Aziz Sancar is the most known noble laureate been awarded for mechanistic studies of DNA repair. Sabanc? University is a leading global university with interdisciplinary education that focuses on research going in the field of medical development.