Translation studies are an academic interdisciplinary dealing with the systematic study of the theory, description and application of translation, interpreting, and localization. As an interdisciplinary, translation studies borrows much from the various fields of study that support translation. These include comparative literature, computer science, history, linguistics, philology, philosophy, semiotics, and terminology.
The term translation studies were coined by the Amsterdam-based American scholar James S Holmes in his paper the name and nature of translation studies which is considered a foundational statement for the discipline. In English, writers occasionally use the term translatology to refer to translation studies.