alexa CONDITION OF QUALITY THE WHITE TAIL DEER HABITAT, IN RÍO BALSAS DEPRESSION-MÉXICO


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Research Article

CONDITION OF QUALITY THE WHITE TAIL DEER HABITAT, IN RÍO BALSAS DEPRESSION-MÉXICO

Oscar Agustín Villarreal Espino Barros1, Bernardo Ortega Aguilar1, Jorge Ezequiel Hernández Hernández1, José Antonio Rivera Tapia3, Alfredo Báez Simón4 and Omar Romero-Arenas2*
  1. Facultad de Medicina Veterinaria y Zootecnia; Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  2. Centro de Agroecología, Instituto Ciencias, Benemérita Universidad Autónoma de Puebla
  3. Centro de Investigaciones en Ciencias Microbiológicas, ICUAP-BUAP
  4. Escuela de Ingeniería Agroforestal, BUAP
Corresponding Author: Omar Romero-Arenas, E-mail: [email protected]
Received: 17 August 2013 Accepted: 29 October 2013
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Abstract

It was estimated the quality of white-tailed deer habitat by vegetation types into two Management Units for the Conservation of Wildlife (UMA's), in the depression of the Rio Balsas Puebla-Mexico. The methodology used was: "transect steps direct and indirect points with the help of walking stick”, 28 transects were drawn with 2 800 sampling points in 4 995.85 ha of habitat available to deer. There were three vegetation types: tropical deciduous forest (TDF), desert scrub (MX) and forest oak or Quercus (OF). The MX is the best vegetative type "base cover" (42.5 and 34.9%), followed by the DF (32.3 and 34.6%) and OF (19.9 and 25.5%). However, the OF has a higher percentage of "bare earth" (54 and 51.4%), it also has a higher percentage of "organic mulch" (27 and 23%), which is regarded as a feature which prevents erosion ground, also has a higher percentage of "organic mulch" (27 and 23%), which is regarded as a feature which prevents soil erosion. The DF vegetative type is higher on all levels (0.37, 1.6, 2.3 and 4.8 m), while the MX and OF have similar heights in all vegetative strata. The OF is the one with the best "quality of habitat condition" for white-tailed deer (56.9%), followed by the MX (50.5%), while. DF have a "fair condition" (48.6), therefore, special attention should be taken in the conservation management of that vegetation. Finally, as to the quality of habitat condition, we conclude that the two UMA's, are located in the category "good", with habitat quality between 53.2 and 51%, respectively, is recommended activities habitat improvement on especially in time of drought.

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