Ethanomedical, Chemical, Pharmacological, Toxicological Properties of Mangifera indica: A Review
Ayurvedic medicine is one of the world’s oldest medical systems. It originated in India more than 3,000 years ago and remains till now. The Sanskrit meaning of “Ayurveda" is the knowledge for long life. Medicinal plants existing even before human being made their appearance on the earth. Plants are rich source of many natural products, most of which have been extensively used for human welfare.The raw materials for Ayurvedic medicine were mostly obtained from plant sources in the form of crude drugs.There has been a rich heritage of ethno botanical usage of herbs by various communities in the country. Traditional Medicines derived from medicinal plants are used by about 70% of the world’s population. Medicinal plants existing even before human being made their appearance on the earth. The raw materials for Ayurvedic medicine were mostly obtained from plant sources in the form of crude drugs.There has been a rich heritage of ethno botanical usage of herbs by various colorful tribal communities in the country.The primitive man used herbs as therapeutic agents and medicament, which they were able to procure easily. The nature has provided abundant plant wealth for all living creatures, which possess medicinal virtues. Owing to rich medicinal properties, Mangifera indica commonly known as Mango (Aam) of family Anacardeace has a long history of use in the home as an herbal remedy since ancient times. Various parts of the plant have been used for curing various ailments. Mango is not only a fruit but an important medicinal plant. This review deals with chemical ,pharmacological, ethnomedical and toxicological aspects of this medicinal plant and it also provides supportive evidence about the therapeutic effects using herbal drugs as a therapeutic agent might have to reduce the economic burden due to easy availability in nature it also help to reduce side effect of various allopathic medicines.