Motivators for Implementing Environmental Management in Thermal Power Plants: An Empirical Study in India
|Jeetendra Kumar Tiwari1, Dr. A.M. Rawani2
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Environmental management system (EMS) consists of collection of internal policies, assessments, plans and implementation actions affecting the entire organizational unit and its relationships with the natural environment. There are several issues related with EM. However, literature suggest that most of the researchers have dealt with issues like Stake holder's Pressure, Barriers, mechanisms for EM implementation etc. In addition to the above, Motivators for Implementing EMS is also identified as an important issue. EM approach is valuable to cost reduction, efficient utilization of resources, greater motivation of employees and better compliance to social obligations. Motivators behind the adoption of EMS may be large in number, but few critical motivators are: Concern for environment, Image and Marketing benefits, pressure from customers, legal compliance and pressure from other stakeholders. Thermal power plants are pollution prone industries. Impact of power plants on environment has been greatly emphasized in the literature. Therefore, this study aims to assess perception of Motivators for Implementing EMS in Indian thermal power plants. As thermal power plants in India are either private sector plants or public sector plants. Therefore, it is interesting to explore important motivators separately for two sectors. The study revealed that the most important motivator for private sector power plants is cost saving whereas public sectors plants are more motivated because of their concern for environment.