PREDICTION AND SIMULATION OF HOT SPOT TEMPERATURE WITH AN EFFECT OF ENVIRONMENTAL DRIVING VARIABLES
The Hot Spot Temperature (HST) value depends on the ambient temperature, the rise in the Top Oil Temperature (TOT) over the ambient temperature, and the rise in the winding HST over the top oil temperature. In this paper a new semi-physical model comprising of the environmental variables for the estimation of HST in transformer is proposed and also MATLAB/Simulink-based valid model of hot spot temperature under variable environmental condition is proposed. The winding hot-spot temperature can be calculated as a function of the top-oil temperature that can be estimated using the transformer loading data, top oil temperature lagged regressor value, ambient temperature, wind velocity and solar heat radiation effect. The estimated HST is compared with measured data of a power transformer in operation.