Special Issue Article
Protection from Voltage Sags and Swells by Using FACTS Controller
Voltage sags and swells in the medium and low voltage distribution grid are considered to be the most frequent type of power quality problems based on recent power quality studies. Their impact on sensitive loads is severe. Different solutions have been developed to protect sensitive loads against such disturbances but the DVR is considered to be the most efficient and effective solution. Its appeal includes lower cost, smaller size and its dynamic response to the disturbance This paper describes the effectiveness of using dynamic voltage restorer (DVR) in order to mitigate voltage sags and swells in low voltage distribution systems. A dynamic voltage restorer based on the dqo algorithm is discussed. The proposed control scheme is very effective to detect any disturbance in low voltage distribution systems. Simulation results using Matlab/Simulink are presented to verify the effectiveness of the proposed scheme.