PUBLIC HEALTH, ACTS AND METHODS OF REMEDIATION OF URANIUM FROM GROUND WATER
|Jagtar Singh*andShweta Sinha
Department of Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India
|Corresponding Author: Jagtar Singh, Department of Biotechnology, Panjab University, Chandigarh 160 014, India,Telephone No.: +91-172-2534065; Fax No: +91-172-2541407,E-mail: [email protected]|
Uranium is natural radionuclides present at mBq/lto Bq/l concentrations in many aquifers worldwidedue to leaching and transport mechanism from natural deposits. Human activities such as mill tailings, nuclear industry, coalcombustion and the use of phosphate fertilizers can also alter the natural composition of groundwater. Uranium through water transferred to the human food chain and its ingestion and inhalation causes many health problems. Manybioindicators are used to predict the path and durationof uranium remain in the body, which permits the risks calculation to specific tissues, organs as well as the whole body. So, a combination of both biological and non-biological methods seems to be the most promising way to efficiently remediate the uranium from groundwater.Hydrogeologists increasinglyrely on bioremediation of contaminated groundwaterbased on immobilization of the metal by bioreduction or biosorption. This review deals with the trafficking, prevention and possible remediation of uranium from groundwater.