Study of Mortality Pattern in Adults at a Tertiary Care Teaching Hospital in South IndiaMohamed Murtuza Kauser1*, Someshwar Kinnera2, Jonathan Korrapolu2, Sasidhar Naga Kalyanam1, Kalavathi G Parameshwarappa1, Asfia Afreen3
- Department of Medicine, Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
- Department of Pharmacy Practice, Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India
- Department of Biochemistry, Basaveshwara Medical College and Hospital, Chitradurga, Karnataka, India.
India is undergoing rapid epidemiological transition as a consequence of economic and social change. The pattern of mortality is a key indicator of the consequent health effects but up-to-date, precise, and reliable statistics are few, particularly in rural areas. The pattern of diseases in developing countries is very different than those in developed ones. In a typical developing country, most deaths result from infectious and parasitic diseases, abetted by malnutrition. In India, about 40% of deaths are from infectious, parasitic and respiratory diseases as compared with 8% in developed countries. The Main aim of present study is to study the mortality pattern with sociodemographic characteristics of non medico legal deaths which occurred in Basaveshwara medical college & Hospital, Chitradurga. A retrospective study was done with Death records from medical record section of patients in Basaveshwara medical college and Hospital, A tertiary care hospital Chitradurga. All case records of indoor patients after discharge or death, except deaths of medico legal cases, are submitted in the Medical Record Section that works under Community Medicine Department, BMCH, Chitradurga. All deaths that occurred during the 5-year period, i.e., 2009-20013, except medico legal, Pediatric and OBG deaths were considered for Study. The mortality rate of 17.21, 18.79, 17.66, 19.18, and 15.50 per 1000 admissions from 2009 to 2013 respectively. Most deaths are seen in males than females. Mortality from people of rural is higher than urban. Major proportion of deaths were in >60years. Knowledge of mortality pattern which may vary from region to region is crucial in formulating health care programs and policies.