In vitro androgen bioassays: detection method for designer androgens
Androgens are the class of sex steroids responsible for male sexual characteristics. Illicit use of androgen doping can be an attractive option for those looking to enhance sporting performance. The use of in vitro bioassays to detect androgens, especially designer, is becoming important in combating androgen doping associated with nutritional supplements.
Survey: Attitudes of Pharmacy Students in Japan toward Doping
Doping is one of the most serious problems for athletes, and it is important that pharmacists have more interaction with athletes to ensure safer drug usage. Education is one of the most important roles of sports pharmacists, who are specialists regarding drug usage for athletes.
Would they dope? Revisiting the Goldman dilemma
Discussions of doping often report Goldman\'s sensational results that half of the elite athletes asked would take a drug that guaranteed sporting success which would also result in their death in 5 years\' time.
Achilles Tendon Injuries in a United States Population
An institutional review board-approved, retrospective review of the charts of 331 (83%) males (6 bilateral, nonsimultaneous) and 69 (17%) females diagnosed with Achilles tendon ruptures over a 10-year period was undertaken.
Fourth Metatarsal Base Stress Fractures in Athletes
There is a paucity of literature on operative management of fourth metatarsal fractures. This study reports the results of operative management of fourth metatarsal stress fractures in athletes.