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ISSN: 2161-1165

Epidemiology: Open Access

Epidemiology of tuberculosis
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Epidemiology of tuberculosis is the study about causative organism Mycobacterium tuberculosis and its pathophysiology, tuberculosis occurence, routes of  transmission from one person to other, the effective treatments available and further precautions to be taken to avoid reversion of the disease.

Tuberculosis (TB) is caused by a bacterium called Mycobacterium tuberculosis. The bacteria usually attack the lungs, but TB bacteria can attack any part of the body such as the kidney, spine, and brain, which most commonly affects the lungs. It is transmitted from person to person via droplets from the throat and lungs of people with the active respiratory disease. In healthy people, infection with Mycobacterium tuberculosis often causes no symptoms, since the person's immune system acts to “wall off” the bacteria.

The symptoms of active TB of the lung are coughing, sometimes with sputum or blood, chest pains, weakness, weight loss, fever and night sweats. Tuberculosis is treatable with a six-month course of antibiotics.

Related Journals of Epidemiology of Tuberculosis

Current Research in Tuberculosis, Indian Journal of Tuberculosis, International Journal of Tuberculosis and Lung Disease, Tuberculosis and Respiratory Diseases